How to Brush Baby Teeth: A Complete Guide for Parents

As a parent, you want the best for your baby’s health and well-being. One crucial aspect of your baby’s overall health is their dental hygiene. Establishing good oral care habits early on is essential, and that includes learning how to brush your baby’s teeth properly. In this article, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide and valuable tips on brushing your baby’s teeth to ensure their dental health.


Taking care of your baby’s teeth is important for several reasons. Not only does it help maintain their oral health, but it also lays the foundation for healthy teeth and gums as they grow older. Proper dental care for babies can prevent tooth decay, gum problems, and potential future dental issues. By starting early and incorporating regular brushing into your baby’s routine, you set them up for a lifetime of good oral hygiene.

Why is it important to brush baby teeth?

You might wonder why it’s necessary to brush your baby’s teeth when they will eventually fall out. Although baby teeth are temporary, they play a vital role in your child’s development. Baby teeth aid in speech development, chewing food, and holding space for permanent teeth. If not cared for properly, baby teeth can decay, leading to pain, infections, and potential damage to permanent teeth. Brushing their teeth from an early age helps maintain good oral health and establishes a healthy dental routine.

When should you start brushing baby teeth?

The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends starting to clean your baby’s mouth even before their first tooth appears. Wiping their gums with a clean, damp cloth after feedings can help remove bacteria and maintain oral hygiene. Once their first tooth emerges, usually around six months of age, it’s time to introduce a toothbrush and begin brushing regularly.

Choosing the right toothbrush and toothpaste for your baby

Selecting the appropriate toothbrush and toothpaste for your baby is crucial to ensure effective and safe brushing. Here are some essential considerations:


  • Opt for a toothbrush with soft bristles designed specifically for babies.
  • Look for a small head size that can fit comfortably in your baby’s mouth.
  • Choose a toothbrush with a non-slip grip handle for better control.


  • Use a fluoride-free toothpaste specifically formulated for infants and toddlers.
  • Check for the ADA Seal of Acceptance to ensure the toothpaste’s safety and effectiveness.
  • Start with a tiny smear of toothpaste, roughly the size of a grain of rice, and gradually increase it as your baby grows.

How to brush baby teeth: Step-by-step guide

Step 1: Create a positive environment Creating a positive and relaxed atmosphere is essential for successful toothbrushing. Choose a comfortable spot, such as a bathroom or changing table, and ensure good lighting. Make toothbrushing a fun and engaging activity by using a playful tone and smiling throughout the process.

Step 2: Use the right amount of toothpaste For babies under three years old, a tiny smear of toothpaste is sufficient. As they grow, you can increase the amount to a pea-sized dab. Remember, babies tend to swallow toothpaste, so using only a small amount reduces the risk.

Step 3: Positioning your baby Gently position your baby in a way that allows you easy access to their mouth. You can cradle them in your arms, sit them on your lap, or lay them down with their head gently supported.

Step 4: Brush gently and thoroughly Using a soft-bristled toothbrush, brush your baby’s teeth gently in circular motions. Pay extra attention to the front, back, and chewing surfaces of each tooth. Ensure you cover all areas of their mouth, including their tongue.

Step 5: Encourage your baby to spit, not swallow Although your baby might not be able to spit out the toothpaste yet, encourage them to try by making a spitting sound or demonstrating it yourself. This will help them develop the habit of spitting as they grow.

Step 6: Rinse and clean the toothbrush After brushing, rinse the toothbrush thoroughly with water and store it in an upright position to air dry. Avoid sharing toothbrushes between family members to prevent the spread of bacteria.

Overcoming common challenges

Brushing your baby’s teeth may come with certain challenges. Here’s how to tackle some common issues:

Challenge 1: Baby resisting toothbrushing If your baby resists toothbrushing, try making it a playful and interactive experience. Sing a toothbrushing song, use a toothbrush with their favorite character, or let them hold a toothbrush while you brush their teeth. Consistency and positive reinforcement will help them adapt to the routine.

Challenge 2: Teething troubles Teething can make your baby’s gums sensitive and sore. If they’re experiencing discomfort, try gently massaging their gums with a clean finger or a cool, damp cloth before brushing. This can help soothe their gums and make toothbrushing more comfortable for them.

Challenge 3: Refusing toothpaste flavor Some babies may dislike the taste of toothpaste initially. Experiment with different flavors until you find one your baby prefers. Alternatively, you can try a flavorless toothpaste or a training toothpaste to help them get accustomed to the taste.

Establishing a toothbrushing routine

Consistency is key when it comes to dental care for your baby. Establishing a toothbrushing routine early on helps make it a regular and effortless part of their daily routine. Aim to brush your baby’s teeth twice a day, ideally after breakfast and before bedtime. As they grow, involve them in the process by letting them hold the toothbrush or imitate your brushing motions.

Additional oral hygiene tips for babies

In addition to brushing, here are some extra tips to maintain your baby’s oral health:

  1. Avoid putting your baby to bed with a bottle or sippy cup filled with sugary liquids. This can lead to tooth decay, often referred to as “baby bottle tooth decay.”
  2. Limit your baby’s intake of sugary foods and beverages, as sugar contributes to tooth decay.
  3. Encourage drinking water after meals to rinse away any remaining food particles.
  4. Introduce a sippy cup or regular cup by their first birthday to help transition from bottle-feeding, which can reduce the risk of tooth decay.
  5. Consider using a clean, damp washcloth to wipe your baby’s gums after feedings, even before their first tooth erupts.

When to schedule the first dental visit

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recommends scheduling your baby’s first dental visit by their first birthday or within six months after their first tooth appears. The first dental visit allows the dentist to examine your baby’s teeth, provide guidance on oral care, and address any concerns you may have.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

FAQ 1: How often should I brush my baby’s teeth? It’s recommended to brush your baby’s teeth twice a day, in the morning and before bedtime.

FAQ 2: Can I use adult toothpaste for my baby? No, it’s best to use a fluoride-free toothpaste specifically formulated for infants and toddlers.

FAQ 3: What if my baby doesn’t have teeth yet? Even before your baby’s teeth appear, you can clean their gums gently with a clean, damp cloth after feedings to maintain oral hygiene.

FAQ 4: Is it necessary to floss my baby’s teeth? Flossing is not necessary until your baby’s teeth start touching each other. Once they have two teeth side by side, you can start flossing using a child-friendly floss.

FAQ 5: What if my baby swallows toothpaste? While it’s ideal for babies to learn to spit out toothpaste, swallowing a small amount is generally safe. However, using only a tiny smear of toothpaste minimizes the risk.


Caring for your baby’s teeth is a crucial part of their overall health. By following a proper toothbrushing routine and implementing good oral care habits early on, you set the stage for a lifetime of healthy smiles. Remember to create a positive and enjoyable environment for toothbrushing, choose appropriate toothbrushes and toothpaste, and overcome any challenges that may arise. With consistency, patience, and love, you can ensure your baby’s dental health and promote a lifetime of beautiful smiles.

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